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英语:第二章 名师手记威尼斯网站

文章作者:教育考试 上传时间:2019-10-29

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明她不会屈性格很顽强在艰难困苦或巨大压力面前不屈。 

地址状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

例如:

  2.only教导的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

(4)约束性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的界别

例如:

  2. 缘故状语从句:since引导的

表示转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works hard, he makes little progress.)

  4. If虚构条件句

He made a long speech, as we expected。

三、 动词-ing形式作表语(常指主语的原委、状态或性质等)。

  1.as...as.。。指点的可比级:(1)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被相比对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您相近学习努力。

依照在句中的效率,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句各类。

他迟到了,那是平日的事。

  3.wish指引的设想语气:wish 前边的从句,现代表与实际相反的事态,或意味着今后不太恐怕达成的意思时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

② 用which而不用 that的意况:辅导非限定性定语从句;指代整个主句的意思;用于介词 的前面 关系代词。举个例子:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an example。

本身不爱好他引荐的那几个书。

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

时间状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as, hardly/ scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.后生可畏……就……,while, till, until, since, once。名词词组the first time第二回,last time最后二遍,every/each time每回,the next time下一次,the next day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant 风流罗曼蒂克……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

His coming will be of great  help to us.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

①超越行词为人时用who 作主语,whom作宾语;②超过行词为物或任何句龙时用which,可作主语或宾语;③先行词为人、物时用that ,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤ 关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地方,在定语从句中作地方状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

(with 名词 以往分词 ,作陪伴状语)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。大家越惊悸费力,困难就能够变得越强盛。

①用that而不用 which的情景:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing, much…;先行词有参天级修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very, any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。举例:There is nothing that can prevent him from doing it。

(with 名词 不定式,作陪伴状语)

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

He could not finish it without me to help him.

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有努力、正直,一人在生活中技巧学有所成。 

⑤ 在the 比较级the 比较级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子如故选用陈说语序。比方:Education is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you are。

2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的分歧之处在于,now that 引出的总得是多少个新现身的事实或状态,假若依然依然,和千古对待并未变化,则毫不 now that 辅导。

相比状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……) 指导。

  1. 动词-ing格局(短语)作状语时的多少个特征。

  ⑴代表对现行反革命情况的虚构:从句动词用过去式或过去实行式表示,be 的过去式用were.   

(3)从句中的语序

例如:

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作格局主语相符,  我们常用it 来作方式宾语, 把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 这种地方更是出以往带复合宾语的句子中。

④涉嫌代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数依然用复数应由先行词决定。比如:

(with 名词 介词短语,作陪伴状语。)

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

2.状语从句:

站在当下的女孩是自家的姐妹。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的三个句子成为并列句。

① 在偏下三种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should 动词原形”, should可粗略。

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

  语法知识点3

(2) It is 名词 that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion, proposal(提出,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

涉及代词as对症之药定语从句时,不仅能够独自使用,也得以与任何词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

  6.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语生龙活虎致,状从轻便选择分词作者状语。例句:

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

The book is worth reading.

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者梦想你安然一些。 

1.大致句、并列句和复合句

一、as的用法

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The 星岛 passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

④ however与形容词、副词一同指引妥协状语从句,句子选取汇报语序。比方:

举例说: There is no stopping of him. 不能拦截他。

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  只有那位女子知道怎么着解那道题。

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态平时依据以下的原理:

风流倜傥种用作名词,生龙活虎种用作形容词。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was founded。

1、 She came into the room,with her nose red because of cold.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们德文的特别女孩吧?

三。复习要点

3.A little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

高等学园统一招考对简易句、并列句和复合句的考试首要回顾:句子的布局、连词的取舍、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习贯用语和特别的句式应用。

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop, try等动词可带Ving情势或不定式作宾语,但意义上有差距。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

② 非约束性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不细瞧,去掉定从句,意思依旧安然无恙。格局上用逗号隔绝,不能够that用指引。举个例子:His movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的情趣仍完整)

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see, leave...等动词后常用Ving方式作宾语补足语。 譬如:

  3.定语从句 who带领的限制性定从。例句:

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be friendly。

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以至于)。

用when时,从句的动作能够与主句的动作同有的时候间发生,也可以先于主句的动作产生;

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    作者盼望知道这么些主题素材的答案。(缺憾不精通。) 

(6)状语从句被用来重申协会中

[注意]

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

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(1) Although he is quite old, he still jogs every day.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same 名词,such 名词时,要用关系代词as指引定语从句。举例:

They don”t have as many airplanes.

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

①限定性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义不完全,以致不合逻辑。比如:I was the only person in our office who was invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就残缺)

He has a reading room. 他有一个书屋。

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

原则状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(假诺;只要),in case (万生龙活虎); on condition that(假诺), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

  1. with结构在句子中的地点:

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

c. as 辅导非约束性定语从句时与which的分别

A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“后面一个情状适用于后世”。例句:

(1)It is 形容词 that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural, funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人侧目的)等。

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  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 独资化的独特之处在于能推动相互竞争。

③在hardly/scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no sooner置于句首时,第贰个分句采取部分倒装语序,即把第一个分句用汇报语序。举个例子:

误了那趟火车意味着再等二个钟头。

  语法知识点1

状语从句作为被强调某些用来重申组织时,生机勃勃律用It is/was …that…,不可能用when代替that。句子用陈说语序。注意:当重申Not until 时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再动用倒装语序。比如:It was not until the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

⑦start, begin, continue在封面语中多后接动名词,在口语中多后接不定式。

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

例如:

  1. 宾语从句:经常难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

② 表示“以后”意义的法则、时间和退让状语从句中多用平时以往时,而主句用经常现在时,被称之为“主将从现”。举个例子:Tomwon’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词后一向跟动词作者宾语时,要用Ving格局,要是后边知名词或代词作宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

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(2)定语从句的涉及代词和涉及副词

(独立主格结构,表示伴随处境或行为方式,作状语)

  You are a student, so am I。

② 一碗水端平句的归类

意气风发、 动词-ing形式作主语(平日指叁个浮泛动作)时,它可径直置于主语地方,也能够用it作格局主语,而把作真正主语的动词-ing格局放在句子的后部。

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 指导的从句借使放在句末,且前边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for 来替代。但若是或不是验证直接原因,而是种种气象再说估计,就只能用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他前日没来,因为他病倒了。

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

I don”t like such books as he recommends.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

例如:

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多日子。( 实际季春经浪费掉了。) 

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

2.as用作连词指点由来状语从句

  ⑶表示对明代的岂有此理意愿:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在此种场合下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法平等,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能还是无法落到实处,决意于从句主语的千姿百态或希望(非动作名词除了那么些之外) 。 

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

三、 with结构的性状

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把持有材质都希图好了,大家应当及时早先那项新的办事。

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He was afraid of being left at home.

  语法知识点2

⑤ 指引定语从句的涉及副词临时可以用“介词 which”来顶替。举例:

as教导的迁就状语从句必需以局地倒装的花样现身,被倒装的有些能够是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于这样的结构中,但although不得以如此用。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够象征诉求,常常意味着说话人的哀痛或可惜。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no sooner…than…中,第一个分句中过去形成时,第1个分句用经常过去时。举个例子:She had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

他达到工地时,天正在下雪。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

考纲必要考生能正确推断句子的种类、深入分析句子结构、结合语境和句意选用安妥的接连词语、剖断主语和从句的科学语序、妥帖选拔主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

(without 代词 过去分词,作为原因状语) 二、with结构的用法 在句子中with结构多数出任状语,表示作为方式,伴随意况、时间、原因或标准(详见上述例句)。

  ⑵表示对过去情形的设想:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

He likes being helped.

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并称句指把四个雷同重要的语句连接在同步,句子之间常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等并称连词连接。

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming. 他很赏识足球,作者爱好游泳。

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However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week。

Ving作定语首要代表动作和用途。

Try as she might, Carol couldn't get the door open。

无论她怎样努力也达不到目的。

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

例如:

状语从句普通修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由从属连词带领,从属连词在从句中不担当句子元素。依照状语从句所发挥的不等含义和功能,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、指标、结果、迁就、相比、格局等状语从句。

现以动词do为例,其生成格局如下:

安分守己句子的结构可分:轻松句并列句和复合句三种。

  1. He found the wall being painted.

  2. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.    

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

上边分别譬喻:

复合句中日常选取叙述语序。可是,在底下的二种状态下,状语从句多接受倒装语序:

诸如: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window. 先生批评了打破窗户的学员。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

as所表示的随笔较强,指点的妥胁状语从句用倒装语序;

(1)名词性从句分类:

(1)as指引定语从句与别的词连用

由于总是代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因此从句中谓语不用难题语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句充作句子成分,而延续词whether 和if(是还是不是),在从句中不担负句子成分,只起一连功能。

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something to eat.

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

因为下过雨,空气比较舒心。

拗可是状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though, although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however, wherever, whenever等。

例如:

意味着因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

但它们有区别

① 句子连串三种分类法

④动词need, require, want作“必要”解,其后跟动词作者它的宾语时,必需用Ving情势,或不定式的被动式,这时候,Ving情势的积极向上格局表示被动意义。

③ 关系代词as的用法

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

豆蔻梢头。考试大纲必要

as与although (或though),however (或no matter how)等都足以指引妥洽状语从句,含义是"虽然,尽管"。

当主句和从句语义意气风发致时,用as指引;反之,用which来指导非约束性定语从句;当非限制定语从句为否定意义时,常用which引导。举例:

With结构在句中也足以作定语

二。命题导向

  1. with结构与平日的with短语的区别

③ since指引的日子状语从句多用日常过去时,而富含since从句的主句经常用今后达成时。比如:I haven’t met her since I left university。

There was no telling of the difference. 无法加以差别。

  1. 名词性从句

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①意味着“同期”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while 等连接的年华状语从句,主句和从句时态基本豆蔻年华致。例如:As time passed, things seemed to get worse。

本人见到那位女士在过街道。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

作状语时,它能表示动作的方法、原因,但不可能代表时间、伴随和标准。在日常的with短语中,with后边所跟的不是复合结构,也根本未有逻辑上的主谓关系。

②在insist(百折不挠), urge (督促), order(命令), command(命令), suggest(提出),advise(提议),recommend(建议,推荐), request(乞请,供给), demand(供给),require(需要,供给)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”, should可粗略。

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks, when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

  1. 定语从句

字不重大,看图~~

依据句子的用途,法文的句子可分:陈诉句(料定、否定)、疑问句(平日、特殊、选取、反意)、祈使句、感叹句等各类。

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find...等及运用动词:have, make, leave, keep, get...等后既可以够用不定式也得以用Ving情势作宾语补足语。不定式(不带 to)表示经过或动作燃眉之急,Ving格局重申进行或及时境况。

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担任元素,有的时候可被略去;表示“是还是不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if替代。Whether和if在从句中不担负成分。假若从句缺乏主语、表语、宾语、或定语等语句成分,用接二连三代词what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which;假设从句缺乏状语,用接二连三副词when, where, how, why。

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是"作为","以……身份"

艺术状语从句:as(正如;根据),as if/as though (好像)引导。

The flowers want watering.

⑥在”介词 关系代词”结构中,关系代词只好用which和whom,且一定要难;假使介词在句末,关系代词可用which, that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可粗略。比如:

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

(1)定语从句的归类

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中不能再用but,但足以用yet;

第十八讲 轻易句、并列句和复合句

他八年前以旅客的位置来过中华。

意味着选用事关常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

例如:

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the morning。

例如:

指标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

被动语态由“being 过去分词”或“having been 过去分词”构成,后黄金时代种日常防止选择。

③ 在含蓄advice, order, demand, proposal(提出), requirement, suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”,should可归纳。

例如:

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

1.as用作连词教导时光状语从句

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.

with结构是过多加泰罗尼亚语复合结构中最常用的黄金时代种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结构和单身主格结构均能起很要紧的功力。

定语从句分为约束性定语从句非节制性定语从句二种。约束性定语从句对先行词起修饰和范围功用,而非限定性定语从句对先行词起互补和讲明表达效果与利益。平时约束性定语从句与先行词之间从未逗号,而非限定性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔断。

它是由介词with或without 复合结构重新整合,复合结构作介词with或without的复合宾语,复合宾语中首先部分宾语由名词或代词当做,第二某个补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词充作,分词能够是今天分词,也得以是过去分词。

(3) It is 动词的过去分词 that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose, request, suggest, demand, require等。

例如: We have no time to lose.

(3)关系代词和关系副词的用法:

("with 复合宾语"结构,在句中作定语)

⑤ 在as if/though 辅导的状语从句中,若是表示风姿洒脱种与事实相反夸张,从句多用日常过去时或过去做到时。比如:She stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

②用于such...as结构中

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

(2)连接状语从句的辞藻

你会趁着年华的拉长而越是聪明。

④在有的象征好奇、意志等心绪色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should 动词原形”或“should have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。比如:

二、 动词-ing格局作宾语。

②在so/such...that.。.结果状语从句中,so 形容词/副词或such 名词置于句首时,主句采纳局部倒装语序。比如:

【句型2】 There is no 动名词    

①当连词as, though连接退让状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词平日置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。举个例子:

⑥在love, hate, prefer等动词后用Ving形式或不定式无大的区分。但说话人持有指的时候,平常用不定式。

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

例如:

轻易句独有三个主语或并列主语和三个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and, but, or,so等)或分部(;)把多少个或七个以上的简便句连在一同构成。复合句:含有三个或七个上述从句的语句。复合句包涵:状语从句名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等两种。

This is the same book as I read last week.

b. as可代替主句的剧情,教导的非约束性定语从句既可放在主句早先,也可放在主句之后。常用于下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。比方: He got the first place again in this mid-term examination, as we expected。

单独主格在口语中不时用,往往由三个从句替代,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

(5)状语从句的简练

Ving方式作主语常用来下列句型:

案由状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

I must remember to do it.

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John。

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look at等感官动词。

定语从句常常由关系代词和涉嫌副词引导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where, why。关系代词和关联副词必得放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着连续几日来先行词和从句的功用,同有的时候候在从句中又担负句子成分。

① 时日性。如若动词-ing情势所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同一时间发生,则用日常式;即使动词-ing方式所表示的动作爆发在谓语动词表示的动作以前则运用到位式。

(1)状语从句的归类

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难题

The girl standing there is my sister.

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同一时候,被动结构的状语从句,可归纳与主句相似的主语和助动词,保留连词 过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可归纳与主句雷同的主语和助动词,保留连词 以后分词。比方:We all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get worse。

而单身主格结构未有with或without指点,结构严密,名词前可用可不要修饰语。在句句法成效上,with结构能够作定语,独立主格结构则不能够;独立主格结构日常在句中作状语,但也足以作主语,而with结构则不可能。

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

since通常用在书面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加剖判便可查出的缘故,不时可译作"既然"。

二、动词ing格局的用法

一)Ving形式作定语

3、The master was walking up and down with the ruler under his arm。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people rushed out of the burning building.  

既然如此您对此如此有把握,他会相信您的。  

固然你读得快,你也不可能这么快读完那本书。

威尼斯官方网站登录,as,because,since都得以象征因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是"因为,由于"。

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在那等是浪费时间。

例如:

若with结构作定语,则位居所修饰的名词之后,平时不要逗号隔断。

用while时,从句的动作为黄金年代进度,主句动作与从句动作同期展开或在从句动作进程中发出;

  1. Ving方式的时态 Ving格局的时态分日常式和完毕式二种,假如Ving方式的动作未有理解地球表面示出时间是与谓语动词同期爆发或在谓语动词从前产生,用Ving格局的平日式。

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

大家发掘这老太太躺在床面上。

用作形容词时,表达主语的风味,用how实行提问。

例如:

She fell asleep with the light burning. →(The light was burning.)

且看它们有多种要,看图别看本人:

动词的-ing方式是俄语中国和北美洲谓语动词的大器晚成种,它在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语及补足语。

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy. (复合结构作主语)

她即使年龄相当的大,依然每日慢跑。

CATTI德文三级笔译备考日记(二):汉语翻译英十大翻译才具?作者脑子笨,就不能够说得简单题,详细点?

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

(男童已领过路)

  1. 在with结构中,第生机勃勃有的为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

例如:

试比较:

② Ving格局作主语,谓语动词用单数。

翻译本领中的“五毒神功”

Then last night,I followed him here,and climbed in,sword in hand.

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

当那么些动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing格局就相应形成了主语补足语。

He is a returned student. 他是三个回国的留学子。

(先行词是漫天主句)

(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

小说结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

他肯定会马到成功,因为她很认真。

例如:

(男小孩子前不久将指点)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door shut.(寝室被关着)

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

威尼斯网站,I tried not to go there.

例如:

  1. 动词-ing方式前能够加when, while, though等从属连词,那足以说是状语从句的省略。

作者灵机一动不去那边。

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving格局doing表示的是消沉意义。

as与when,while都以辅导时间状语从句的依据连词,含义都是"当……的时候"。

过去分词作者定语:及物动词的过去分词表示被动,不比物动词的过去分词表示动作形成。  

It is no use arguing with him.

  1. with或without-名词/代词 形容词;

  2. with或without-名词/代词 副词;

  3. with或without-名词/代词 介词短语;

  4. with或without-名词/代词 动词不定式;

  5. with或without-名词/代词 分词。

普普通通,宾语补足语与宾语之间所有逻辑上的主谓关系,动词-ing情势作宾语补足语往往代表其动作在承继或开展中,用动词-ing作宾语补足语的广大的动词有:

固然他学学很用力,但差了一些没获得什么发展。   Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do.)

4、He lay in the dark empty house,with not a man ,woman or child to say he was kind to me.

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

as一般位于句首,语气较弱,较口语化;

  1. 在感官动词:

He stopped to talk.

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

单个的动词-ing方式作定语时,常置于所修饰的名词前边;动词-ing短语作定语时则常置于被修饰的词后边。

3.as作连词辅导拗不过状语从句

用作名词时,表明主语的情节,就此提问时,用what ;

动词-ing方式作状语时,能够代表时间、原因、伴随处境、条件、结果等。

例如:

③用于"so adj. a/an n. (单数) as "结构中

a sleeping child 入睡的男女

I saw the lady crossing the street.

例如:

例如: There were rows of white houses with trees in front of them.

  1. 代表动作(主动的、实行的动作)。

I tried doing it again.

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火)

because表示的口吻最强;

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to, thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty / trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel  like, get down to等后的动词也亟须用Ving情势。

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was gone.)

with 结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时近似位于句子前边,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴境况时相符位于句子后边,不用逗号分开。

例如:

哪怕你反驳,笔者也要去。

(without 代词 不定式,作标准状语)

忘记过去就意味着戴绿帽子。

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

I remember doing the exercise.

生龙活虎、 with结构的结合

内容有一些多,下篇作品,作者将用大家的措施解读那八个效率词,大家的对象是最简单易行、最棒玩、最精准的解决考试的地点。

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指生机勃勃现实动作)

复合结构情势在句中主要作主语和宾语。作宾语时可用代词宾格或名词普通格加上动词的-ing格局。

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词早前。

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

When drinking to someone’s health, you raise your glasses, but the glasses should not be touched. While visiting the city, they received a warm welcome.

实际不是说话。

【句型1】It is 名词(或形容词) 动名词 It is no use /no  good/ a waste of time so nice crying there.doing that.

1) The boss kept the workers working the whole night.

(2) Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident.

六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

在with结构中,不定式、未来分词作者宾补,表示积极,但是不定式表示就要爆发的动作,而前几天分词表示正在爆发或发生了的动作;过去分词表示被动或产生。

但它们有区别

4.as作论及代词的用法

【注意】

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

自身不能不记着做那事。

We heard her sing two songs.

(四)Ving情势作表语 Ving情势具有形容词和名词的品质,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving情势有三种:

小编们未有时间(能够浪费)了。

(with 名词 形容词,作陪伴状语)

三、with的用法

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.    

I mean to come early today.

小编豆蔻年华度远非过去那么强健了。

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(生龙活虎):真正起初看书前,笔者做了怎么?

和他争辨从未用。

由于这种样式是由动词变化而来的,因而它抱有动词的豆蔻梢头对风味,就可以带本身的宾语和状语,进而组合动词 -ing短语。它有的时候态和语态的更换,也可能有否定情势及其复合结构情势。    

I am not so strong a man as I was.

自己试着又干了一遍。

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few patches of land sticking out above the water.

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

③ 人称的一致性。动词-ing方式的逻辑主语应和语句的主语意气风发致。

但它们有区别

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

例如:

(2)as单独指导定语从句 as单独辅导定语从句时,先行词能够是一个词,也得以是贰个句子或短语。

(with 名词 副词,作时间状语)

威尼斯官方网站登录 3

(名词 介词短语构成的独自己作主格结构,作状语,表示伴随情状)。

  1. Ving格局的语态 主语是以此Ving方式所代表的动作的目的时,Ving方式用被动语态。

例如:

那本书和自己下周读的那本是一律。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest, can’t help, can’t stand等动词后能够用Ving情势作宾语,但不可能用不定式。

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good care of.)

她俩尚无相通多的飞机。

I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

她母亲做饭时他在看TV。

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

  1. 表示用途:

例如:

例如:

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations, international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

  1. 下列动词前边日常要用动词-ing格局作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind, suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider, admit, miss(错失), imagine, avoid(防止), delay(推迟) resist, cannot help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)前边常用动词    -ing的主动方式表示被动意义。

  1. with结构与独立主格结构的关联: with结构属于独立主格结构,但在结构上,with结构由介词with或without携带,名词前有冠词、形容词、全体格代词或任何词类所修饰,结构较松懈;

自己记得做过练习。

此外,想要驾驭任何在备考进度中,此外内容的对象,请关心小编的任何著作:

例如:

  1. Hearing the good news, he jumped with great joy. (时间)

  2. Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave them a note. (原因)

  3. The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden. (伴随情况)

  4. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.

例 如:

(五)Ving方式作宾语 Ving格局具备动词和名词的天性,在句中起名词作者用,可作宾语。

例如:

威尼斯官方网站登录 4

用as时,主句和从句的动作同临时间发生,具备持续的含义。

【比较】

have, get, send, leave等应用动词;

固然如此他是一个儿女,但她掌握该做什么。

The film was so moving that we saw it twice.

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周树人写的书。

  1. with结构作状语时,不定式、以后分词 、和过去分词的区分:

Object as you may, I’ll go.

That’s the plan to build the factory.

例如:

例如:

With结构组成艺术如下

[注意]今日分词作者定语时,它表示的动作是正值进展或与谓语动词所表示的动作差不离与此同时爆发,假若四个动作有先有后,常常不可能用以往分词作者定语,而要用定语从句。

①用于the same...as结构中

6.as作副词的用法 to the same degree or amount; equally "相同地","同样地"。

a working method 专门的学业议程

① Ving格局和不定式都能够作主主语,Ving情势作主语表示平常或抽象的 数12回性行为,不定式作主语往往代表具体的或一次性的动作。

她停下来讲话。

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

CATTI葡萄牙语三级笔译备考日记(三):请叫作者管家,叫本身项目董事长也能够

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand raised.

万豆蔻梢头Ving格局的动作产生在谓语动词所代表的动作早前,日常用Ving方式的产生时态。

with结构有所上述成效和天性,而"介词with 名词或代词(组)"组成的相像的with短语在句子中得以作定语和状语。

例如:

Stop speaking.  

(先行词是不定式短语)

(名词 未来分词构成的独立主格结构,作主语)

老大董事长让工友发愤忘食地工作。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其不经常所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting, reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise, ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody, thing...

1. with结构由介词with或without 复合结构重新组合。复合结构中首先片段与第二片段语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却拥有主谓关系,也等于说,能够用第黄金年代有的作主语,第二有的作谓语,构成贰个句子。

四、 几点表达:

大家听她唱了两首歌。

【知识张开】 Ving情势的时态和语态

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很乐意和你开口。

例如:

② 语态性。应思量动词-ing方式与句子主语之间的关系是主谓关系照旧动宾关系,据此来明确语态。

那便是建那座工厂的布置。

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his hand.

(结果) 注意:

什么人理解as、v+ing、with,哪个人就得练神功。那多个效果与利益词怎么用吗?且看下文,作者只是个搬运工。有亟待的爱侣,动动你的指头,复制、粘贴、打字与印刷。小编是您的好相恋的人曾沐!

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless 等后必需用Ving方式。

自己计划后天来早些。

(三)Ving方式作主语 Ving情势具有动词和名词的特性,在句中起名词功效,可作主语。   Seeing is believing.知名不比一见。

对实际多管闲事--你们好三人都以如此的鲁钝。

however引导妥胁状语从句时,它的后边可跟形容词或副词,也要用倒装语序。

此次竟然固然显得令人难以置信,却从未人受到损伤。

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

(2) Since you are so sure of ithe”ll believe you.

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